There are a number of ways and methods that you can use to become a writer or a columnist for your local newspaper. The first and foremost of the things that you will need to do is to become as aware of the local issues of your area as you can. It will be better if you become a column writer who wants to become to the forefront the various issues and problems that persist in your part of the world. You can also write your columns or articles as a citizen journalist.
The next thing that you must do at all costs is to make sure that you improve your writing skills. The thing is that unless and until you have excellent writing skills you cannot expect a newspaper to publish your articles and columns. The thing is that mere awareness of local problems and issue will never be enough unless and until you can express them in a proper manner. So, if your writing skills are not as good as they need to be then you will need to work on it so that you improve.
When you have made sure that you are very well aware of the local issues and problems and have the ability to express them well in written words, then you are ready to go. The next thing that you will need to do is to get in touch with people from the local newspaper in which you want your articles to be published. When you get in touch with them, then you will need to show them your writing skills as well as your awareness of the local issue. The combined effect of these two things will be very helpful in determining whether you can become a proper column writer or not.